11:49 p.m.
Thursday, 27 July 2017

Employer-provided benefits was greater in medium and large private industry establishments

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Access to employer-provided benefits was greater in medium and large private industry establishments than in small establishments in March 2012, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported.

Access, or availability of a benefit, was 57 percent for medical care benefits in small establishments (those with fewer than 100 employees), compared with 89 percent in large establishments (those with 500 employees or more). In private industry, retirement benefits were available to 50 percent of workers in small establishments, 79 percent of workers in medium size establishments (those employing between 100 and 499 workers), and 86 percent of workers in large establishments.

Paid leave benefits followed a similar pattern. The difference was more pronounced in the availability of paid sick leave, which was offered to 52 percent of workers in small establishments and 82 percent in large establishments. Paid holidays and paid vacation were available to 69 percent of workers in small establishments and 91 and 90 percent, respectively, to workers in large establishments.

These data are from the National Compensation Survey (NCS), which provides comprehensive measures of compensation cost trends and incidence and provisions of employee benefit plans.

Employee and employer shares of medical premiums did not vary significantly by establishment size for single coverage, but did for family coverage. On average, small establishments assumed 63 percent of the cost of family coverage, whereas large establishments paid for 77 percent of the cost of family medical plans.

Additional findings include:

 * In private industry, access to benefits varied by several worker and establishment characteristics, 
   including occupational group, and work schedule. Medical care benefits were offered to 41 
   percent of workers in service occupations and 87 percent of workers in management, 
   professional, and related occupations. These benefits were offered to 24 percent of part-time 
   workers and 86 percent of full-time workers.

 * In state and local government, full- and part-time status was an important factor in benefit access 
   among workers.  Full-time workers in state and local government had a high rate of access to 
   employer-provided benefits. Retirement and medical benefits were offered to 99 percent of full-
   time workers and paid sick leave to 98 percent.

 * Participation and take-up rates were typically higher in state and local government than in private 
   industry. For example, 84 percent of state and local government workers participated in 
   retirement benefits, compared with 48 percent of private industry workers. For retirement 
   benefits, the take-up rate was 95 percent for state and local government workers, compared with 
   only 75 percent for private industry workers. Employees were considered participating in a plan 
   if they paid any required contributions and fulfilled any applicable service requirements. Take-up 
   rates are the percentage of workers with access to a plan that participate in the plan.

 * State and local government employers paid a greater share of medical premiums than private 
   industry employers.  For single coverage, 87 percent of the total premium was assumed by 
   employers in state and local governments, compared with 79 percent in private industry. For 
   family premiums, the corresponding figures were 71 and 68 percent, respectively.

More information can be obtained by calling (202) 691-6199, sending e-mail to NCSinfo@bls.gov, or by visiting the BLS Internet site, http://www.bls.gov/ebs/home.htm.

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